Parks Stewardship Forum • The Interdisciplinary Journal of Place-Based Conservation

About PSF

Parks Stewardship Forum
The Interdisciplinary Journal of Place-based Conservation

Co-published by the University of California, Berkeley, Institute for Parks, People, and Biodiversity and the George Wright Society.

Parks Stewardship Forum explores innovative thinking and offers enduring perspectives on critical issues of place-based heritage management and stewardship. Interdisciplinary in nature, the journal gathers insights from all fields related to parks, protected areas, cultural sites, and other place-based forms of conservation. The scope of the journal is international and dedicated to the legacy of George Meléndez Wright, a graduate of the University of California, Berkeley, and pioneer in conservation of national parks. Parks Stewardship Forum continues The George Wright Forum, published 1981–2018 by the George Wright Society.

This website publishes Parks Stewardship Forum in a format optimized for online reading. A companion site, designed for scholarly and other research use, is available at Please use that site to download high-resolution PDFs of PSF articles. There, you will also find Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs) for each article.

The Co-Publishers

The University of California, Berkeley, Institute for Parks, People, and Biodiversity advances science and solutions to halt climate change, conserve biodiversity, and improve the experience of nature for all. The Institute conducts new scientific research and helps managers and policymakers apply the results to conservation of ecosystems around the world, especially in national parks and other protected areas.

Public protection of land and water serves important roles for climate change resilience and carbon solutions, endangered species, tropical forests, health and well-being, education, thriving economies, Indigenous cultures, and environmental justice. For these critical issues and other emerging questions, the Institute connects field managers and government policymakers to the high-level interdisciplinary research capabilities of the University of California, Berkeley. Institute researchers also communicate science-based solutions to motivate public action and cultivate future conservation leaders. With new scientific insights, the Institute aims to advance meaningful progress for nature and people.

The George Wright Society advances the scientific and heritage values of parks and protected areas. The Society promotes research and resource stewardship across cultural and natural disciplines; brings practitioners together to share their expertise; provides avenues of communication among scholars, researchers, educators, practitioners, and the public about the importance of parks and protected areas, and supports informed conservation decisions and management actions that embrace these values. By uniting people from many different backgrounds around a common passion for protecting Earth’s natural and cultural heritage, GWS creates the collaboration needed to meet today’s greatest conservation challenges.

Editorial Board

Jonathan B. Jarvis, UC Berkeley Institute for Parks, People, and Biodiversity

Dr. Steven R. Beissinger, UC Berkeley

Professor Holly Doremus, UC Berkeley

Rolf Diamant, George Wright Society

Kalani Quiocho, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (Affiliate)

Nadine Spence, Parks Canada

Executive Direction

Dr. Patrick Gonzalez, the University of California, Berkeley, Institute for Parks, People, and Biodiversity

David Harmon, George Wright Society

Editorial Staff

Dr. Rebecca Conard, Co-editor

Dorothy A. Davis, Photo Editor, “The Photographer’s Frame”

Gary E. Davis, Photo Editor, “The Photographer’s Frame”

Rolf Diamant, Columnist, “Letter from Woodstock”

David Harmon, Co-editor

Dr. Gary E. Machlis, Poetry Editor, “Verse in Place”

Dr. Nina S. Roberts, Columnist, “Coloring Outside the Lines”

Editorial and Administrative Office

George Wright Society
P.O. Box 65
Hancock, MI 49930-0065 USA

Open-Access Publishing | Other Info

Parks Stewardship Forum is published through eScholarship, an open-access publishing platform subsidized by the University of California and managed by the California Digital Library. Open-access publishing serves the missions of the Institute for Parks, People, and Biodiversity and the George Wright Society to share, freely and broadly, research and knowledge produced by and for those who manage parks, protected areas, and cultural sites throughout the world.

Parks Stewardship Forum is distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC 4.0) that allows others to copy, distribute, translate, adapt, and build upon original submissions to Parks Stewardship Forum, as long as they provide appropriate credit to the author(s) and do not use the submission for commercial purposes. Anyone who uses or redistributes the submission under this license must indicate any changes that were made, must link to the license, and cannot imply that the author endorses them or their use. More information about this license is available at

From time to time Parks Stewardship Forum also reprints, with permission, previously published material. Such material is subject to its original copyright.

Manuscript submission guidelines may be found at

Parks Stewardship Forum is designed by Laurie Frasier •

ISSN 2688-187X